Mla format essay with citations

Brown However, a more recent study, released in , found that the average student spends 42 minutes completing homework S. Lawrence shares his insight by stating that "instructions need to be shared, not assumed Young The basic entry for a book consists of the author's name, the book title, the publisher, and the year published.

The first author's name should be reversed, with a comma being placed after the last name and a period after the first name or any middle name. The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears on the title page. Campbell, Megan, et al.

The Best Noun Book. Books For Us, The full title of the book, including any subtitles, should be italicized and followed by a period. If the book has a subtitle, the main title should be followed by a colon unless the main title ends with a question mark or exclamation point. Publication information can generally be found on the title page of a book.

If it is not available there, it may also be found on the copyright page. State the name of the publisher. If you are citing a specific page range from the book, include the page s at the end of the citation. If you have to cite a specific edition of a book later than the first, see the section below on citing edited books. If the translation is the focus of your project, include the translator's name at the beginning of the citation, like this:. Translator's Last name, First name, translator. If it's not the actual translation that is the focus, but the text itself, include the translator's name in the "other contributors" position, like this:.

Original Author's Last name, First name. Translated by First Name Last name. Publisher, Year published.


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E-books are formatted differently than print books. Some e-books have different, or extra, information than print books. In addition, e-book pages are often numbered differently. Since the content and format may differ than print books, e-book citations are structured differently. If using an e-book from the Internet, format the e-book the same was as a website. If using an e-book from an e-reader, such as a Kindle or Nook, include the name of the e-reader in the "version" section of the citation. Title of E-Book. Title of Website , URL. Rodgers, Tara.

Duke UP, Title of E-book. E-Reader ed. Nook ed. Individual chapters are cited when a writer uses a book filled with many chapters, each written by different authors. When citing a specific chapter in a book, or an anthology, structure the citation like this:. Last name, First name of Chapter's Author. Levi-Strauss, Claude. If your book is not a first edition, you should note this in the citation.

If the book is a revised edition or an edition that includes substantial new content, include the number, name, or year of the edition and the abbreviation "ed. Author's Last name, First name, editor. Title of Book. Numbered ed. Ferraro, Gary, and Susan Andreatta, editors. Cultural Anthropology: An Applied Perspective. If your edited book has more than one author, refer to the directions above under the heading "Authors. Also, BibMe. Try our MLA formatter! Wondering how to cite a website in MLA?

MLA Essay Format (8th Edition)

Fosslien, Liz, and Mollie West. The first author's name should be reversed, with a comma placed after the last name and a period after the first name or any middle name. The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears on the website. For a page with two or more authors, list them in the order as they appear on the website.

Only the first author's name should be reversed, while the others are written in normal order. Separate author names by a comma, and place the word "and" before the last author's name. For pages with three or more authors, only include the first author, followed by the abbreviation "et al. The page title should be placed within quotation marks. Place a period after the page title within the quotation marks. The page title is followed by the name of the website, which is italicized, followed by a comma.

Include the sponsoring institution or publisher, along with a comma, after the website title. If the name of the publisher is the same as the name as the website, do not include the publisher information in your citation. It is not recommended, in MLA format for a website, to include duplicate information.

Next, state the publication date of the page. In some cases, a specific date might not be available, and the date published may only be specific to a month or even year. Provide whatever date information is available. End the citation with the URL. End the entire citation with a period. Looking for an MLA formatter to create your website citations quickly and easily?

Our MLA format website creates your citations in just a few clicks. The most basic entry for a journal consists of the author name s , article title, journal name, volume number, issue number, year published, page numbers, name of website or database the article was found on, and URL or Direct Object Identifier DOI. Snyder, Vivian. JSTOR , www. Most online journal articles have two containers.

The first being the journal that the article sits in, and the second being the website or database the journal is found on. The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears in the journal. For an article written by two authors, list them in order as they appear in the journal. Only the first author's name should be reversed, while the second is written in normal order. Separate author names by a comma, and place the word "and" before the second author's name. For articles with three or more authors, include the name of the first author in the citation, followed by a comma and the abbreviation "et al.

The article title should be placed within quotation marks. Place a period after the article title within the quotation marks, unless the article title ends with a question mark or exclamation mark. The article title is followed by the name of the journal, which is italicized. Include the volume number of the journal, but use the abbreviation "vol. Use the abbreviation "no. Jones, Robert, et al. Database Life , www. Blogs can be good sources to use for research papers and projects since many are regularly updated and written by influencers and experts. Blogs can belong to a single individual, a group of people, or a company.

Notice in the above example, the date is missing. If there is no date shown on the blog post, omit it from the full citation. Williams, Lindsay. The most basic entry for a newspaper consists of the author name s , article title, newspaper name, publication date, page numbers, and sometimes a URL, if found online.

Volume numbers, issue numbers, and the names of publishers are omitted from newspaper citations. Hageman, William. The full article title should be placed within quotations. Next, state the name of the newspaper in italics. Towards the end of the citation, include the page numbers on which the article appears, along with a period. Cite all inclusive page numbers if the article spans pages that are not consecutive, cite only the first page, followed by a plus sign.

Also, check out BibMe Plus paper checker, which scans your paper for correct usage of language elements. Have a determiner out of place in your writing? A pronoun spelled incorrectly? An overused adjective? No worries, BibMe Plus has you covered! The most basic entry for a photograph consists of the photographer's name, the title of photograph, the title of the book, website, or collection where the photograph can be located, the publisher of the photograph or publication where the image was located, the date the photograph was posted or taken, and the page number, location of the museum such as a city and state or URL if found online.

Photographer's Last name, First name. Begin with the name of the photographer or main contributor if available. This person's name should be reversed, with a comma placed after the last name and a period after the first name and any middle name. For a photograph taken from a publication or website, include the title of the photograph in quotation marks followed by a period. If the photograph does not have a formal title, create a description. If you make your own description, only include a capital at the beginning of the description and at the beginning of any proper nouns. Do not place the description in italics or quotation marks.

Photograph of the Hudson Area Public Library. JMS Collective , 19 Apr. Vishniac, Roman. Barnard, Edwin. Photograph of Murray Street, Hobart. It's not uncommon to see social media posts included in research projects and papers. Most social media citations use the following structure:.

Username First name Last name, if known, and differs from handle. If the post isn't text, and is a photo or image instead, include a description of the image instead of any text. Only capitalize the first letter in the description and capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns. Do not place the description in quotation marks. If the post is long in length, or includes emojis or links, it is acceptable to include only the beginning of the tweet, with an ellipsis at the end. Here are 6 steps to getting it done DeGeneres, Ellen. Thank you variety for by Breakthrough Artist of the Year award and thank you for your continuous support Lopez, Jennifer.

The most basic entry for a film consists of the title, director, publisher, and year of release. You may also choose to include the names of the writer s , performer s , and the producer s , depending on who your research project may focus on. You can also include certain individuals to help readers locate the exact source themselves.

Film Title. BibMe: The Movie. If your research focuses on a specific individual, you can begin the citation with that individual's name in reverse order and their role. Format it the same way as you would an author's name. If the film is dubbed in English or does not have an English title, use the foreign language title in the citation, followed by a square bracket that includes the translated title.

Citas gobiernan el mundo [ Citations Rule the World ]. Directed by Sara Paul, Showcase Films, If the film was found online, such as YouTube or another site, include the name of the website and the URL. The New York Public Library. Since the citation has two titles included in it the title of the film and the title of the website , the title of the film is placed in quotation marks and the title of the website is in italics.

MLA In-Text Citations & Works Cited Pages

If your research focuses on a specific individual from the tv or radio broadcast, include their name at the beginning of the citation, in the author position. If relevant, you may also choose to include the names of personnel involved with the program. Include as many individuals as you like. Write these personnel names in normal order do not reverse the first and last names. State the date which your program was originally broadcasted, along with a period. If including the URL, follow the date with a comma and place the URL at the end, followed by a period to end the citation.

The most basic entry for a lecture consists of the speaker's name, presentation title, date conducted, and the name and location of the venue. Pausch, Randy. Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams. Begin the citation with the name of the speaker. This person's name should be reversed. If the lecture has a title, place it in the citation, along with a period, in italics.

State the date on which the lecture was conducted, followed by a comma. The most basic entry for an encyclopedia consists of the author name s , article title, encyclopedia name, publisher, and year published. Last Name, First Name. Notice that the name of the publisher was not included in the example above. Only include the name of the publisher if it differs from the name of the encyclopedia. Encyclopedia Britannica is the name of the encyclopedia AND the name of the publisher.

It is not necessary to include Encyclopedia Britannica twice in the citation. If the encyclopedia arranges articles alphabetically, do not cite the page number s or number of volumes. After the publication year, include the page numbers on which the article appears, along with a period. Last name, First name. The most basic entry for a magazine consists of the author name s , article title, magazine name, the volume and issue numbers if available, publication date, page numbers, and URL if found online.

Geagan, Kate. Flipster , cleaneating. The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears in the magazine. For an article written by two or more authors, list them in the order as they appear on the title page. For articles with three or more authors, only include the first author, followed by the abbreviation "et al. Unless there is punctuation that ends the article title, place a period after the title within the quotations. Next, state the name of the magazine in italics.

If volume and issue numbers are available, include them in the citation. Use the abbreviations vol.

The date the magazine was published comes directly after the volume and issue number. Use whichever date the magazine includes, whether it's a complete date, a period spanning two months, a season, or just a month and year. Follow this information with a comma. Include the page number s on which the article appears. If the magazine article was found online, include the URL. End the citation with a period. Begin your citation with the name of the person interviewed.

This person's name should be reversed, with a comma placed after the last name and a period after the first name or any middle name. For an interview that has been broadcast or published, if there is a title, include it after the name of the person interviewed. Jolie, Angelina. If there is no title, use the word "Interview" in place of a title and do not use quotation marks or italics. If the interviewer's name is known, add it, preceded by "Conducted by", after the word "Interview". Do not reverse the interviewer's name.

For published interviews found online, include the title of the website after the title of the interview. In addition, add the URL at the end of the citation. Michaels, Jamye. In order to obtain a degree, most colleges and universities require students to submit a dissertation or thesis towards the end of their academic track. Upon completion, this individual assignment is often presented to the main directors, committee members, or professors at the school for approval.

Since so much research and work went into these scholarly projects, and new ideas and conclusions are often produced, many colleges and universities publish the completed papers. You can find these projects on many school websites and databases. Title of Dissertation or Thesis. Year completed. University or College, Degree Abbr. Database , URL.

MLA Sample Paper

Kim, Kee Han. Fletcher, Marissa. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, PhD. The first page of your MLA format paper should include a header. MLA heading format includes the following pieces of information, styled like this, in this order:.


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  • For pages with three or more authors, only include the first author, followed by the abbreviation "et al. The page title should be placed within quotation marks. Place a period after the page title within the quotation marks. The page title is followed by the name of the website, which is italicized, followed by a comma. Include the sponsoring institution or publisher, along with a comma, after the website title. If the name of the publisher is the same as the name as the website, do not include the publisher information in your citation.

    It is not recommended, in MLA format for a website, to include duplicate information. Next, state the publication date of the page. In some cases, a specific date might not be available, and the date published may only be specific to a month or even year. Provide whatever date information is available. End the citation with the URL. End the entire citation with a period. Looking for an MLA formatter to create your website citations quickly and easily?

    Our MLA format website creates your citations in just a few clicks. The most basic entry for a journal consists of the author name s , article title, journal name, volume number, issue number, year published, page numbers, name of website or database the article was found on, and URL or Direct Object Identifier DOI. Snyder, Vivian. JSTOR , www. Most online journal articles have two containers. The first being the journal that the article sits in, and the second being the website or database the journal is found on.

    The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears in the journal. For an article written by two authors, list them in order as they appear in the journal. Only the first author's name should be reversed, while the second is written in normal order. Separate author names by a comma, and place the word "and" before the second author's name. For articles with three or more authors, include the name of the first author in the citation, followed by a comma and the abbreviation "et al.

    The article title should be placed within quotation marks. Place a period after the article title within the quotation marks, unless the article title ends with a question mark or exclamation mark. The article title is followed by the name of the journal, which is italicized. Include the volume number of the journal, but use the abbreviation "vol.

    Use the abbreviation "no. Jones, Robert, et al. Database Life , www. Blogs can be good sources to use for research papers and projects since many are regularly updated and written by influencers and experts. Blogs can belong to a single individual, a group of people, or a company. Notice in the above example, the date is missing. If there is no date shown on the blog post, omit it from the full citation. Williams, Lindsay. The most basic entry for a newspaper consists of the author name s , article title, newspaper name, publication date, page numbers, and sometimes a URL, if found online.

    Volume numbers, issue numbers, and the names of publishers are omitted from newspaper citations. Hageman, William. The full article title should be placed within quotations. Next, state the name of the newspaper in italics. Towards the end of the citation, include the page numbers on which the article appears, along with a period. Cite all inclusive page numbers if the article spans pages that are not consecutive, cite only the first page, followed by a plus sign. Also, check out BibMe Plus paper checker, which scans your paper for correct usage of language elements.

    Have a determiner out of place in your writing? A pronoun spelled incorrectly? An overused adjective? No worries, BibMe Plus has you covered! The most basic entry for a photograph consists of the photographer's name, the title of photograph, the title of the book, website, or collection where the photograph can be located, the publisher of the photograph or publication where the image was located, the date the photograph was posted or taken, and the page number, location of the museum such as a city and state or URL if found online.

    Photographer's Last name, First name. Begin with the name of the photographer or main contributor if available. This person's name should be reversed, with a comma placed after the last name and a period after the first name and any middle name. For a photograph taken from a publication or website, include the title of the photograph in quotation marks followed by a period. If the photograph does not have a formal title, create a description.

    If you make your own description, only include a capital at the beginning of the description and at the beginning of any proper nouns. Do not place the description in italics or quotation marks. Photograph of the Hudson Area Public Library. JMS Collective , 19 Apr. Vishniac, Roman. Barnard, Edwin. Photograph of Murray Street, Hobart.

    It's not uncommon to see social media posts included in research projects and papers. Most social media citations use the following structure:. Username First name Last name, if known, and differs from handle. If the post isn't text, and is a photo or image instead, include a description of the image instead of any text.

    MLA format: everything you need to know

    Only capitalize the first letter in the description and capitalize the first letter for any proper nouns. Do not place the description in quotation marks. If the post is long in length, or includes emojis or links, it is acceptable to include only the beginning of the tweet, with an ellipsis at the end.

    Here are 6 steps to getting it done DeGeneres, Ellen. Thank you variety for by Breakthrough Artist of the Year award and thank you for your continuous support Lopez, Jennifer. The most basic entry for a film consists of the title, director, publisher, and year of release. You may also choose to include the names of the writer s , performer s , and the producer s , depending on who your research project may focus on.

    You can also include certain individuals to help readers locate the exact source themselves. Film Title. BibMe: The Movie. If your research focuses on a specific individual, you can begin the citation with that individual's name in reverse order and their role. Format it the same way as you would an author's name.

    If the film is dubbed in English or does not have an English title, use the foreign language title in the citation, followed by a square bracket that includes the translated title. Citas gobiernan el mundo [ Citations Rule the World ]. Directed by Sara Paul, Showcase Films, If the film was found online, such as YouTube or another site, include the name of the website and the URL. The New York Public Library.

    Since the citation has two titles included in it the title of the film and the title of the website , the title of the film is placed in quotation marks and the title of the website is in italics. If your research focuses on a specific individual from the tv or radio broadcast, include their name at the beginning of the citation, in the author position.

    If relevant, you may also choose to include the names of personnel involved with the program. Include as many individuals as you like. Write these personnel names in normal order do not reverse the first and last names. State the date which your program was originally broadcasted, along with a period.

    If including the URL, follow the date with a comma and place the URL at the end, followed by a period to end the citation. The most basic entry for a lecture consists of the speaker's name, presentation title, date conducted, and the name and location of the venue. Pausch, Randy. Really Achieving Your Childhood Dreams. Begin the citation with the name of the speaker. This person's name should be reversed.

    If the lecture has a title, place it in the citation, along with a period, in italics. State the date on which the lecture was conducted, followed by a comma. The most basic entry for an encyclopedia consists of the author name s , article title, encyclopedia name, publisher, and year published. Last Name, First Name. Notice that the name of the publisher was not included in the example above. Only include the name of the publisher if it differs from the name of the encyclopedia. Encyclopedia Britannica is the name of the encyclopedia AND the name of the publisher.

    It is not necessary to include Encyclopedia Britannica twice in the citation. If the encyclopedia arranges articles alphabetically, do not cite the page number s or number of volumes. After the publication year, include the page numbers on which the article appears, along with a period.

    Last name, First name. The most basic entry for a magazine consists of the author name s , article title, magazine name, the volume and issue numbers if available, publication date, page numbers, and URL if found online. Geagan, Kate. Flipster , cleaneating. The name should not be abbreviated and should be written exactly as it appears in the magazine.

    For an article written by two or more authors, list them in the order as they appear on the title page. For articles with three or more authors, only include the first author, followed by the abbreviation "et al. Unless there is punctuation that ends the article title, place a period after the title within the quotations. Next, state the name of the magazine in italics. If volume and issue numbers are available, include them in the citation. Use the abbreviations vol.

    The date the magazine was published comes directly after the volume and issue number. Use whichever date the magazine includes, whether it's a complete date, a period spanning two months, a season, or just a month and year. Follow this information with a comma. Include the page number s on which the article appears. If the magazine article was found online, include the URL. End the citation with a period. Begin your citation with the name of the person interviewed. This person's name should be reversed, with a comma placed after the last name and a period after the first name or any middle name.

    For an interview that has been broadcast or published, if there is a title, include it after the name of the person interviewed. Jolie, Angelina.

    Automatic Bibliography Maker

    If there is no title, use the word "Interview" in place of a title and do not use quotation marks or italics. If the interviewer's name is known, add it, preceded by "Conducted by", after the word "Interview". Do not reverse the interviewer's name. For published interviews found online, include the title of the website after the title of the interview. In addition, add the URL at the end of the citation. Michaels, Jamye. In order to obtain a degree, most colleges and universities require students to submit a dissertation or thesis towards the end of their academic track.

    Upon completion, this individual assignment is often presented to the main directors, committee members, or professors at the school for approval. Since so much research and work went into these scholarly projects, and new ideas and conclusions are often produced, many colleges and universities publish the completed papers. You can find these projects on many school websites and databases.

    Title of Dissertation or Thesis. Year completed. University or College, Degree Abbr. Database , URL. Kim, Kee Han. Fletcher, Marissa. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, PhD. The first page of your MLA format paper should include a header. MLA heading format includes the following pieces of information, styled like this, in this order:.

    Wondering how to do MLA format? Enter a title, web address, ISBN number, or other identifying information into the MLA format template to automatically cite your sources. If you need help with BibMe. The BibMe service is an extremely helpful resource that helps you create your citations for your project, but there's more.

    The BibMe Plus paper checker scans for proper spelling, punctuation, language elements, and syntax. It will tell you if a language element, such as a preposition , conjunction , or interjection , is a bit off. It also has a built-in plagiarism checker , which scans papers for instances of accidental plagiarism. Try it out now! Here's more information on the previous handbooks. The Modern Language Association was developed in and was created to strengthen the study and teaching of languages and literature. With over 25, current members worldwide, the Modern Language Association continuously strives to keep its members up-to-date on the best practices, methods, and trends related to language and literature.

    The Modern Language Association boasts an annual conference, journal, an online communication platform, numerous area-focused committees, and one of its most popular publications, the MLA Handbook, now in its 8th edition. If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations.

    Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. You can always edit a citation as well. Remember to evaluate your sources for accuracy and credibility. Questionable sources could result in a poor grade! Journal Website Book Video Other. Search Journal Article. Make sure that titles in APA citations are properly capitalized.

    Capitalize only the first letter of the first word or any proper nouns. Your Bibliography. What is MLA Citing? What is MLA Format? Bibliography vs. Works Cited - What's the Difference? Citing Basics When adding information into your project from another source, you are required to add an MLA citation. MLA citing format often includes the following pieces of information, in this order: Author's Last name, First name. Franzen, Jonathan. The Corrections. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, Israel, Aaron.

    Brooklyn rooftop acrylic painting. Rabe, Leor. The Incredibles. The Bible. Lexham English Version, Logos, , lexhamenglishbible. Crank, J. The Mathematics of Diffusion. Book Title. Shelley, Mary. Smith, John, and Bob Anderson. The Sample Book. Books For Us, , pp. Smith, John. Revised ed. Doe, Jane, performer. Speaker's Last name, First name. Title of Lecture. Date conducted, Venue, Location. Saunders, Bill. Pratt, Sybil. Jenkins, Lila. Conducted by Jessica Grossman.

    Riggs, Ransom. Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children.