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APA style and resources are also addressed. Skip to Main Content. Essay Introductions Write an introduction that interests the reader and effectively outlines your arguments. You also want to do that in a way that is fresh and original. Instead, you might try one of the following techniques: Offer a surprising statistic that conveys something about the problem to be addressed in the paper.
Starting Your Research Paper: Writing an Introductory Paragraph
Perhaps you can find an interesting quote that nicely sums up your argument. Use rhetorical questions that place your readers in a different situation in order to get them thinking about your topic in a new way. If you have a personal connection to the topic, you might use an anecdote or story to get your readers emotionally involved. Attending college on a track scholarship, she was earning good grades and making lots of friends. This section helps the reader see why you are focusing on this topic and makes the transition to the main point of your paper.
Therefore, you need to bridge the gap between your attention-grabber and your thesis with some transitional discussion.
In this part of your introduction, you narrow your focus of the topic and explain why the attention-grabber is relevant to the specific area you will be discussing. You should introduce your specific topic and provide any necessary background information that the reader would need in order to understand the problem that you are presenting in the paper. You can also define any key terms the reader might not know. Continuing with the example above, we might move from the narrative about Michelle to a short discussion of the scope of the problem of drunk drivers.
Each year XX number of lives are lost due to drunk-driving accidents. This effectively moves the reader from the story about Michelle to your real topic, which might be the need for stricter penalties for drinking and driving. Finally, the introduction must conclude with a clear statement of the overall point you want to make in the paper. In this scenario, your thesis would be the point you are trying to make about drunk driving. You might be arguing for better enforcement of existing laws, enactment of stricter penalties, or funding for education about drinking and driving. Whatever the case, your thesis would clearly state the main point your paper is trying to make.
This gives the reader a general sense of how you will organize the different points that follow throughout the essay. A final note: In constructing an introduction, make sure the introduction clearly reflects the goal or purpose of the assignment and that the thesis presents not only the topic to be discussed but also states a clear position about that topic that you will support and develop throughout the paper. In shorter papers, the introduction is usually only one or two paragraphs, but it can be several paragraphs in a longer paper.
So, what should you include in your introduction? We will give you a list below so that you can prepare a research paper introduction outline and you can follow this when you are writing. The topic is basically the fundament of any writing you prepare. Regarding, from which angle you look at your topic, it will reflect different aspects and it is always important to capitalize letters properly to make it look even better. There is no secret on how to start a research paper intro: you should just state your topic and add some connected with topic issues that bothers you a lot.
This is a perfect strategy to intrigue the reader. It is recommended to start with general info and then narrowing down to some concrete aspects.
Try not to deepen into a state of things in the beginning, but explain your view on the topic. If you are going to use some difficult expressions in the central part of an essay, make them clear to any reader and point out their connection with your topic. Developing a statement in the main body, you will need some literature sources to refer to. While your idea can sound a bit subjectively, if you maintain it with citations extracted from works of famous scientists, authors or philosophers, you will prove your point.
Introduction should briefly state what the literature will be about. The rationale is the key element of your beginning. The rationale serves as an indicator of both — the importance of your essay and attitude to the issue. The rationale should be laconic and precise to show the reader the significance of your research.
This sentence supports all the things you have written before and collects all your ideas in a logical and concise saying. Not every mentor requires an essay structure overview in the introduction, but sometimes students are asked to stress on few aspects of their future research. This is not about the detailed depiction of every part of your work. The outline is a short paragraph, which consists of 3 or 4 sentences and represents your plan of the entire paper. Sometimes, it is best to view an example of an introduction in a research paper in order to understand it better.
Check out our example that we have created:. Did you know that there are currently over 2. While it is widely believed that prison should be the punishment for crime, statistics find that 77 percent of prisoners will re-offend once they are released. This suggests that prison is not working to reduce recidivism. My research paper aims to demonstrate that prison does not work as a way to prevent crime and that alternatives should be considered, such as restorative justice and other community sentencing.
Is writing including concepts that are going to be complicated for the average reader to understand? If the answer to this question is yes, this means that you should take the time to explain them as best as you can in your introduction. This includes any jargon or terms that you think will be important to know before reading your findings and analysis.
If you are not sure how to do that effectively, think about including a quotation that captures the heart of topic. This will be particularly true if your essay is for social subjects, such as English, History, and humanities.