You focus on the findings and conclusions of other researchers and then make a personal conclusion about the topic. It is important to stay neutral and not show your own negative or positive position on the matter. The argumentative paper presents two sides of a controversial issue in one paper. It is aimed at getting the reader on the side of your point of view.
You should include and cite findings and arguments of different researchers on both sides of the issue, but then favor one side over the other and try to persuade the reader of your side. Your arguments should not be too emotional though, they still need to be supported with logical facts and statistical data. The definition paper solely describes facts or objective arguments without using any personal emotion or opinion of the author.
Its only purpose is to provide information. You should include facts from a variety of sources, but leave those facts unanalyzed. Compare and contrast papers are used to analyze the difference between two viewpoints, authors, subjects or stories.
Make sure to sufficiently describe both sides in the paper, and then move on to comparing and contrasting both thesis and supporting one. Cause and effect papers are usually the first types of research papers that high school and college students are confronted with. They trace probable or expected results from a specific action and answer the main questions "Why? In business and education fields, cause and effect papers will help trace a range of results that could arise from a particular action or situation.
An interpretative paper requires you to use knowledge that you have gained from a particular case study, for example a legal situation in law studies. You need to write the paper based on an established theoretical framework and use valid supporting data to back up your statement and conclusion. This type of research paper basically describes a particular experiment in detail. It is common in fields like biology, chemistry or physics.
Here are some ideas based upon that….
Types of research papers
Out of the above, which sounds like it has the most juice? Probably number one. Even without doing any Googling, it seems evident that there will be research in this area that you can draw from. As well, you can rely on non-technical, non-academic observation to give you better ideas—you can use your experience to shape your subject matter. So go with number 1. Take a look at these specific ideas that you can use in your research phase:. And look, you can scroll to the bottom of the page to get a jump on specific articles to use in your research.
As well, 51 mentions your keyword! With our tutorial on writing a thesis statement, you will see thesis examples, ways to craft a thesis sentence, and how to organize your paper around a thesis statement. Second, you will need specific examples to write about. Third, you will need to organize those three items effectively. And, fourth, you will need to make an outline. The first step to creating a successful thesis statement is generating a concise overview of the topic at hand. In this case, technology and the ESL classroom is the topic upon which the paper is based.
So the first portion of your thesis should be a generalized statement that describes the imperatives which make your paper relevant. Begin by making a list of why you think your paper topic is relevant. In this case, we could say that…. Sounds pretty good, eh? Teachers who do not embrace technology in their classes risk losing students to academic boredom, not to mention that they will be perceived by their students as tedious and irrelevant. Even better! With adding then subtracting, expanding then consolidating, moving from the general to the specific, you can craft an overview to be used in the thesis.
Also, note the use of old tricks, like opposing vocabulary extracurricular v. So, check the rubric—did we hit any goals? See Development, Language and vocabulary, and Sentence structure! The problem presented was that instructors take away learning tools from students and replace them with less interesting forms of learning and stop social interaction with the classroom.
As well, instructors give little attention to technology-based learning tools as an avenue for education. ESL instructors should make using technology a priority of education, both inside and outside the classroom. ESL instructors should try to increase digital interactions between students outside of class, use digital technology inside of class, and make digital avenues of education a learning priority.
Pretty good, but we can make it sound even more academic. Again, use the Word synonym function, and try to bring out the parallel structure even more:. All we need now is to connect the two sentences together with some kind of sentence, transitional phrase, or conjunction.
In this case as with almost everything in writing, actually keep it simple:.
Discovering, Narrowing, and Focusing a Researchable Topic
Wait a sec! So use it with abandon, so long as you complete the sentence! Now, check the rubric again! Check and check and check! And, to top it all off, you now have three areas of research to focus on! Often students writing long, research-based papers struggle with smoothly connecting the related ideas within the paper. There are three simple steps.
First, you must identify the relationship between the two ideas. Second, you must craft a transition. And, third, you must be careful of potential pitfalls. See how jarring the logical jump is from the broad statement to the specific assertion? Take a look at the two statements together, as they are color coded—red being broad, blue being specific:. This idea is loosely connected to another idea the author is writing toward—that those unique cultural differences are often the culprit for communication breakdown.
The author sees that the relationship is one of contrasts, so they try to name the contrast to create a connection in the transition—the green text is the merging of contrasts:.
Genre and the Research Paper // Purdue Writing Lab
Using a really simple, but subtle writing skill, this author used word choice to make deeper connections between the sentences. See the color coded portions:. Not how the ideas from each paragraph come together in the transition. There is nothing wrong with a transition word here and there, but they are very easy to overuse. Most blogs, like this one , this one , and this one make using transition words an important part of this process. The elegant transition based on nuanced vocabulary is an exceptional student move.
This is more than most students have when they hand in a paper. The editing portion has five steps: First, you revise to tighten and clarify. Second, you edit for grammar, usage, and mechanics. Third, you give a clean copy to a friend and visit academic support.
Fourth, you do your final read through to clean things up. And, fifth, recheck the paper against the rubric. Remember when you were one of those foolish plebes handing in a paper you wrote hours before it was due and hope for an C? There are two ways to do this—revising and editing. Revising is when you literally re-vision the piece. You make big changes—fix transitions or pieces research alongside organization and structure.
Editing is making small changes to the piece—correcting the grammar, usage, and mechanics, changing the diction to alter the tone a bit. This is also a time to add ideas to the basic premise of each section or to eliminate tangents that you may have followed in the heat of the moment. Some common things to look for:. Start with the last sentence, then read the second to last sentence, and so on until you get to the first sentence. First, find a friend you trust and share the paper with them. Next, make an appointment with the campus writing center.
With both of these reviews, hand over this set of questions for your reviewers to answer:. Your reviewer can answer these directly with by talking it out, or offer suggestions by making notes. Once you have this feedback, make the suggested changes you feel make sense. You have one more important step: download the Natural Reader Pro app. Natural Reader reads documents, PDFs, and websites to you in a range of speeds and voices so that you can hear your paper as it is written, not as you wish it was written. Print out your paper, fire up Natural Reader, and follow along.
But take one moment to look at the rubric one last time. And the assignment sheet, too. Stay tuned for more tutorials on all things related to thriving in college. Rankings Rankings. How do I Organize my Research Paper?
Topic rooms within Scientific Communication
How do I Write a Thesis Statement? How do I Create a Transition? How to Write a Research Paper.
Write to the Rubric The first important step in writing a paper is taking some time to understand what the professor is looking for. To begin with the end in mind, you need to follow three simple steps: — Look at the Assignment With a Critical Eye Take a few moments to review the assignment and rubric with a pen and highlighter, making notes and underlining key elements the prof wants to see.
So, here it is, step-by-step: 3. Also, watch for specific requests about format changes and due dates. Circle them! Now you have a goal. Which three categories are you going to absolutely kill in? Writing an Anchor Sentence It might seem like a silly thing to do, but an anchor sentence is as vital as a thesis statement. Commit to the process Keep in mind that one of the crucial ingredients of successful writing is time. Get Organized Your next step is to organize your time.
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Here are some ideas based upon that… Language acquisition: How can new technologies help second language learners learn English faster? Now, plug the subject into Wikipedia to get an overview of what the subject is. Master these and the paper will be a cinch. Creating the Topic Overview The first step to creating a successful thesis statement is generating a concise overview of the topic at hand. In this case, we could say that… — technology use inside and outside the classroom has increased in the past decade.
How can this problem be fixed? Teachers should… — Leverage technology to get students talking about work when not in class — Integrate unconventional technologies in class like iPhones — Make technology use a classroom priority Now, take those things and combine them into a single statement: ESL instructors should make using technology a priority of education, both inside and outside the classroom.